What is para-cycling?

Let us explain:

Para-cycling includes all cycling disciplines for riders with disabilities. Because not all disabilities are equal, there are five disciplines in para-cycling: cycling (C), handbike (H), tandem (B), tricycling (T) and mental disability (VE), divided into different classes. The appropriate class is determined by the functional capacity of the rider, established by a medical examination, the so-called classification.

The colour of the helmet during the road race shows in which category the riders are riding (different helmet colours: see technical guide).

This does not apply to the time trial since a time trial helmet is also allowed.


Handbike – H1 – H2 – H3 – H4 – H5 – H-Open

A handbiker rides a three-wheeled bicycle that is driven with the arms. This can be done lying down or kneeling, depending on the disability. As with cycling, the handicap of the rider determines the class in which they ride (between one and five ). H1 is the heaviest category (high spinal cord injury) and H5 the lightest (e.g. leg amputation).

The H-Open class are able-bodied persons or persons with a disability that is not recognised by the classification committee.


Tricycling T1 – T2

A tricycle is a bicycle with three wheels, of which only the front wheel steers. There are two classes: T1 and T2. Riders with a severe disability cycle in the T1 class. Riders with a slightly less severe disability ride in the T2 class. Both classes are riders with a severe CP disorder (e.g. spasms). The disability is so severe that these riders ride a tricycle to stay balanced.